Plants of
San Diego County, California

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Phylogenetic listing by group

LYCOPHYTES

Isoetaceae
Isoetes howellii -- Howell's Quillwort

Isoetes orcuttii -- Orcutt's Quillwort

Selaginellaceae - Spike-Moss Family
Selaginella bigelovii --- Bigelow's Spike-Moss
Selaginella cinerascens --- Mesa Spike-Moss


EQUISETOPHYTES

Equisetaceae
Equisetum arvense --- Common Horsetail


FERNS
Dennstaedtiaceae [Polypodiaceae]
Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens --- Braken Brake

Ophioglossaceae - Adder's Tongue Family
Ophioglossum californicum --- California Adder's Tongue --- Ophioglossaceae

Marsileaceae
Pilularia americana -- American Pillwort


Polypodiaceae - Polypody Family
Polypodium californicum --- California Polypody

Pteridaceae [Polypodiaceae] - Brake Family 
Cheilanthes newberryi -- California Cotton Fern 
Pellaea mucronata var. mucronata --- Bird's Foot Cliff-Brake
Pentagramma triangularis subsp. maxonii --- Goldback/Silverback Fern


CONIFERS
Cupressaceae
Calocedrus decurrens --- Incense Cedar
 
Juniperus californica -- California Juniper 

Pinaceae - Pine Family
Abies concolor --- White Fir
Pinus coulteri --- Coulter Pine
Pinus jeffreyi --- Jeffrey Pine
Pinus lambertiana --- Sugar Pine
Pinus monophylla --- Single-Leaf Pinyon Pine
Pinus ponderosa --- Ponderosa Pine
Pinus quadrifolia --- Parry Pinyon Pine
Pinus torreyana --- Torrey Pine


GNETALES
Ephedraceae - Ephedra Family
Ephedra sp. --- Mormon-Tea


ANGIOSPERMS: BASAL LINEAGES
Lauraceae - Laurel Family
Umbellularia californica --- California Bay


ANGIOSPERMS: MONOCOTS
Agavaceae - Agave Family
Agave deserti --- Desert Agave
Hesperocallis undulata --- Desert-Lily
Hesperoyucca whipplei --- Our Lord's Candle
Yucca schidigera --- Mohave Yucca

Arecaceae (=Palmae) - Palm Family
Washingtonia filifera --- Desert Fan Palm

Cyperaceae - Sedge Family
Eleocharis macrostachya --- Spikerush
Schoenoplectus californicus --- Bulrush

Juncaceae - Rush Family
Juncus acutus subsp. leopoldii --- Rush

Juncaginaceae - Arrow-Grass Family
Lilaea scilloides --- Flowering Quill Wort
Triglochin maritima --- Arrow-Grass

Iridaceae
Sisyrinchium bellum -- Blue-Eyed-Grass

Melanthiaceae
Toxicoscordion fremontii [Zigadenus f.] -- Death Camas

Poaceae (=Gramineae) - Grass Family
Avena barbata --- Slender Wild Oat
Bromus diandrus --- Ripgut Grass
Bromus hordeaceus --- Brome
Bromus rubens --- Foxtail Chess
Bromus tectorum --- Cheat Grass, Downy Brome
Deschampsia danthonioides --- Annual Hairgrass --- Poaceae
Distichlis littoralis [Monanthochloe l.] --- Shore Grass
Distichlis spicata--- Saltgrass
Pleuraphis rigida --- Galleta Grass
Spartina foliosa--- California Cord Grass
Stipa pulchra --- Purple Needlegrass --- Poaceae


Themidaceae - Brodiaea Family
Bloomeria clevelandii --- San Diego Goldenstar
Bloomeria crocea var. crocea --- Common Goldenstar
Brodiaea orcuttii --- Orcutt's Brodiaea
Dichelostemma capitatum subsp. capitatum --- Blue Dicks
Muilla maritima --- Coastal Muilla 

Typhaceae - Cattail Family
Typha latifolia--- Broad-leaved Cattail


ANGIOSPERMS: EUDICOTS
Acanthaceae - Acanthus Family
Justicia californica --- Beloperone, Chuparosa

Adoxaceae - Adoxa Family
Sambucus nigra subsp. caerlea --- Blue Elderberry

Anacardiaceae - Sumac or Cashew Family
Malosma laurina --- Laurel Sumac
Rhus aromatica --- Skunkbrush
Rhus integrifolia --- Lemonadeberry
Rhus ovata --- Sugar Bush
Toxicodendron diversilobum --- Western Poison-Oak

Apiaceae (=Umbelliferae) - Carrot Family
Eryngium aristulatum var. parishii --- San Diego Button-Celery
Foeniculum vulgare --- Sweet Fennel
Lomatium lucidum

Apodanthaceae
Pilostyles thurberi
-- Thurber's Pilostyles

Asteraceae (=Compositae) - Sunflower Family
Ambrosia chamissonis --- Beach Bur
Ambrosia dumosa --- Burro Weed
Ambrosia salsola var. salsola --- Burrobrush
Artemisia californica --- Coastal Sagebrush
Artemisia tridentata --- Sagebrush
Baccharis salicifolia --- Mule Fat, Seep-Willow
Baccharis sarothroides --- Broom Baccharis
Bahiopsis laciniata --- San Diego Sunflower
Bahiopsis parishii --- Parish's Golden-Eyes
Bebbia juncea --- Rush Sweetbush
Chaenactis fremontii --- Desert Pincushion
Coreopsis maritima --- Sea-Dahlia
Corethrogyne filaginifolia var. filaginifolia --- California Aster
Cotula coronopifolia --- Brass Buttons
Encelia californica --- California Encelia
Encelia farinosa --- Brittlebush, Incienso
Eriophyllum confertiflorum --- Long-Stem Golden Yarrow
Gutierrezia sarothrae --- Broom Matchweed/Snakeweed
Hazardia squarrosa --- Saw-tooth Goldenbush
Isocoma menziesii --- Goldenbush
Jaumea carnosa--- Salty Susan
Lasthenia gracilis --- Common Goldfields
Malacothrix glabrata --- Desert Dandelion
Palafoxia arida var. arida --- Desert Spanish Needle
Perityle emoryi --- Emory's Rock Daisy
Porophyllum gracile --- Odora
Psilocarphus brevissimus var. brevissimus --- Dwarf Woolly-Heads
Psilocarphus tenellus var. tenellus --- Slender Wooly-Heads

Bataceae - Saltwort Family
Batis maritima --- Saltwort, Beachwort

Bignoniaceae - Bignonia Family
Chilopsis linearis subsp. arcuata --- Desert-Willow

Boraginaceae - Borage Family [incl. Hydrophyllac.]
Cryptantha intermedia --- Nievitas Cryptantha
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium --- Yerba Santa
Phacelia distans --- Phacelia
Plagiobothrys acanthocarpus --- Adobe Allocarya

Brassicaceae (=Cruciferae) - Mustard Family
Cakile maritima --- Sea Rocket
Cardamine californica var. californica --- Milkmaids, Toothwort
Hirschfeldia incana -- Short-Pod Mustard

Burseraceae - Torchwood Family
Bursera microphylla --- Elephant Tree, Torote

Cactaceae - Cactus Family
Cylindropuntia bigelovii --- Teddy-Bear Cholla
Cylindropuntia ganderi --- Gander Cholla
Cylindropuntia prolifera
--- Coastal Cholla
Cylindropuntia wolfii --- Wolf's Cholla
Echinocereus engelmannii --- Hedgehog Cactus
Ferocactus cylindraceus --- California Barrel Cactus
Ferocactus viridescens var. viridescens --- Coast Barrel Cactus
Mammillaria dioica --- Fish Hook Cactus
Opuntia basilaris var. basilaris --- Beavertail Cactus
Opuntia littoralis --- Coastal Prickly-Pear

Callitrichaceae - Water-Starwort Family
Callitriche marginata --- Water-Starwort

Campanulaceae - Bellflower Family
Downingia cuspidata --- Downingia

Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle Family
Lonicera subspicata var. denudata --- Honeysuckle

Celastraceae
Euonymus occidentalis var. parishii --- Burning Bush

Chenopodiaceae - Goosefoot Family
Arthrocnemon subterminale --- Parish's Pickleweed
Atriplex polycarpa --- Saltbush
Salicornia pacifica --- Pacific Pickleweed
Suaeda esteroa --- Estuary Sea-Blite

Cleomaceae - Cleome Family
Peritoma arborea var. arborea [Isomeris arborea var. a.] --- Bladderpod

Convolvulaceae [see also Cuscutaceae] - Morning-Glory Family
Calystegia macrostegia subsp. intermedia --- Morning-Glory
Cressa truxillensis--- Alkali Weed
Cuscuta salina --- Dodder

Cornaceae - Dogwood Family
Cornus sericea subsp. occidentalis --- American Dogwood

Crassulaceae - Stonecrop Family
Crassula aquatica --- Water Pygmy Weed
Dudleya edulis --- Ladies' Fingers
Dudleya lanceolata --- Coastal Dudleya

Cucurbitaceae - Gourd Family
Marah macrocarpa var. macrocarpa --- Manroot, Wild-Cucumber

Elatinaceae - Waterwort Family
Elatine brachysperma --- Waterwort

Ericaceae - Heath Family
Arctostaphylos glandulosa --- Manzanita --- Ericaceae
Arctostaphylos pungens --- Manzanita
Rhododendron occidentale --- Western Azalea
Xylococcus bicolor --- Mission Manzanita

Euphorbiaceae - Spurge Family
Acalypha californica --- Copperleaf
Euphorbia polycarpa [Chamaesyce p.] --- Snakeroot

Fabaceae (=Leguminosae) - Legume Family
Acmispon glaber var. glaber --- Deerweed
Cercis occidentalis --- Red Bud
Lupinus bicolor --- Miniature Lupine
Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana --- Mesquite, Honey Mesquite
Psorothamnus emoryi --- White-Dalea
Psorothamnus schottii --- Indigo Bush
Psorothamnus spinosus --- Smoke Tree
Senegalia greggii --- Catclaw
Senna armata --- Spiny Senna

Fagaceae - Oak Family
Quercus agrifolia var. agrifolia --- Coast Live Oak
Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia --- Interior Live Oak
Quercus chrysolepis --- Maul Oak, Canyon Live Oak
Quercus cornelius-mulleri --- Desert Scrub Oak
Quercus dumosa --- Nuttall's Scrub Oak
Quercus kelloggii --- California Black Oak
Quercus engelmannii --- Engelmann Oak

Fouquieriaceae - Ocotillo Family
Fouquieria splendens subsp. splendens --- Ocotillo

Frankeniaceae - Frankenia Family
Frankenia salina --- Alkali Heath

Garryaceae
Garrya flavescens --- Silk Tassel Bush

Gentianaceae
Zeltnera venusta --- Canchalagua

Geraniaceae - Geranium Family
Erodium botrys --- Long-Beak Filaree/Storksbill
Erodium cicutarium --- Red-Stem Filaree/Storksbill
Erodium moschatum --- White-Stem Filaree/Storksbill

Grossulariaceae - Gooseberry Family
Ribes indecorum --- White Flower Currant
Ribes speciosum --- Fuchsia-Flower Gooseberry
Ribes viburnifolium --- Santa Catalina I./Evergreen Currant

Krameriaceae - Rhatany Family
Krameria bicolor [K. grayi] --- Krameria 
Krameria erecta --- Krameria 

Lamiaceae (=Labiatae) - Mint Family
Condea emoryi --- Desert Lavender
Pogogyne abramsii --- San Diego Mesa Mint
Salvia apiana --- White Sage
Salvia mellifera --- Black Sage

Lythraceae - Loosestrife Family
Lythrum hyssopifolium --- Grass Poly

Malvaceae - Mallow Family
Malacothamnus fasciculatus --- Chaparral Bushmallow
Sphaeralcea ambigua --- Desert Mallow

Nyctaginaceae - Four O'clock Family
Abronia umbellata subsp. umbellata --- Beach Sand-Verbena
Abronia maritima --- Red Sand-Verbena
Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia --- Coastal Wishbone Plant

Onagraceae - Evening Primrose Family
Chylismia claviformis subsp. peirsonii --- Peirson's Evening Primose
Eremothera boothii subsp. condensata --- Desert Lanthern
Oenothera deltoides subsp. deltoides --- Dune Evening-Primrose
Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia subsp. suffruticosa --- Beach Evening-Primrose

Orobanchaceae - Broom-rape Family 
Castilleja densiflora subsp. gracilis --- Parish's Owl's-Clover

Castilleja exserta subsp. exserta --- Purple Owl's-Clover

Castilleja foliolosa --- Woolly Indian Paintbrush

Papaveraceae [incl. Fumariaceae] - Poppy Family
Dendromecon rigida --- Bush-Poppy
Eschscholzia californica --- California Poppy

Phrymaceae - Monkey Flower Family
Diplacus puniceus [Mimulus aurantiacus] --- Coast Monkeyflower
Diplacus bigelovii var. bigelovii [Mimulus b. var. b.] --- Desert Monkey Flower

Platanaceae - Plane Tree or Sycamore Family
Platanus racemosa --- Western Sycamore

Plumbaginaceae - Leadwort Family
Limonium californicum --- Western Marsh-Rosemary

Polemoniaceae
Leptosiphon parviflorus --- Coast Baby-Star

Polygonaceae - Buckwheat Family
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. fasciculatum --- California Buckwheat

Portulacaceae - Purselane Family
Claytonia perfoliata subsp. perfoliata --- Miner's Lettuce

Primulaceae - Primrose Family
Centunculus minimus --- Chaffweed

Ranunculaceae - Buttercup Family
Ranunculus californicus --- Buttercup
Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum --- Fendler's Meadow-Rue

Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn Family
Ceanothus perplexans --- Cupleaf Ceanothus
Ceanothus leucodermis --- Chaparral Whitethorn
Ceanothus palmeri --- Palmer's Ceanothus
Ceanothus tomentosus --- Ramona-Lilac
Ceanothus verrucosus --- Wart-Stem-Lilac
Frangula californica subsp. tomentella --- Hoary Coffeeberry
Rhamnus crocea --- Spiny Redberry

Rosaceae - Rose Family
Adenostoma fasciculatum --- Chamise
Cercocarpus betuloides var. betuloides --- Birch-Leaf Mountain-Mahogany
Cercocarpus minutiflorus --- San Diego Mountain-Mahogany
Coleogyne ramosissima --- Blackbush
Fragaria vesca --- Wood Strawberry
Heteromeles arbutifolia --- Toyon, Christmas Berry
Prunus fremontii --- Desert Apricot
Prunus ilicifolia subsp. ilicifolia --- Islay, Holly-Leaf Cherry
Rosa californica --- California Rose

Rubiaceae - Madder or Coffee Family
Galium angustifolium subsp. angustifolium --- Narrow-Leaf Bedstraw

Rutaceae - Rue or Citrus Family
Cneoridium dumosum --- Coast Spice Bush, Bush-Rue --- Rutaceae

Salicaceae - Willow Family
Populus fremontii subsp. fremontii --- Western Cottonwood
Salix lasiolepis --- Arroyo Willow

Simmondsiaceae - Jojoba Family
Simmondsia chinensis --- Jojoba

Solanaceae - Nightshade Family
Lycium californicum--- Box Thorn
Solanum parishii --- Parish's Nightshade

Viscaceae - Mistletoe Family
Arceuthobium campylopodum --- Western Dwarf Mistletoe --- Viscaceae
Phoradendron californicum --- Desert Mistletoe

Zygophyllaceae - Caltrop Family
Larrea tridentata --- Creosote Bush


                        
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