Johnstonella

Andersonglossum Cryptantha Eremocarya Greeneocharis Harpagonella Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus
Adelinia Amsinckia Amsinckiopsis Andersonglossum Cryptantha Dasynotus Eremocarya Greeneocharis Gruvelia Harpagonella Johnstonella Oncaglossum Oreocarya Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus Sonnea

Systematics of Amsinckiinae (Boraginaceae): The Popcorn Flowers

[Amsinckiinae HOME]

Johnstonella Brand

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 249 (1925)


Pronunciation/Pronunciación:
John-sto-nél-la
Etymology/Etimología:
after Ivan M. Johnston, authority on Boraginaceae, 1898-1960
Synonyms/Sinónimos:

Crypantha Lehmann ex. G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 373 (1837)

Type Species/EspeciesTipo:
Johnstonella racemosa Brand, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 249 (1925); see Simpson et al. 2014

Recent new combinations in Johnstonella: Simpson, Mabry, and Hasenstab. 2019. Phytotaxa 425: 279–289.

Distribution of Johnstonella:
Heat map of North American Johstonella
GBIF Distribution of Johnstonella
LEFT: Heat map of North American Johstonella (to be revised).
Prepared by: Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2012. North American Plant Atlas (http://www.bonap.org/MapSwitchboard.html).
COLOR KEY: Dark green=highest concentration of species; Light yellow-green=lowest concentration of species. NOTE: Center of diversity is in Baja California, Mexico.
RIGHT: GBIF. 2017. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org. Accessed 21 Dec 2019.


Phylogeny of Johnstonella:
Phylogenetic relationships, from Simpson et al. 2017. Top: cpDNA; Middle: mtDNA; Bottom: nrDNA.
C. albida = Johnstonella albida; C. mexicana = Johnstonella mexicana; C. hispida = Johnstonella atacamensis sp. nov., in preparation.
C. texana not transferred to Johnstonella; needs further study.




TOTAL NUMBER OF TAXA IN GENUS:
16 species/especies, 18 minimum ranked taxa/taxones clasificados mínimos
(*=South America/Sudamericano; **=North and South America/Norteamericana y Sudamericano)

Tentative Proposed Series

TAXON/TAXÓN SYNONYM/SINÓNIMO (CRYPTANTHA) COUNTRY/PAÍS
Johnstonella albida (Kunth) M.E.Mabry & M.G.Simpson**
[Cryptantha albida (Kunth) I.M.Johnston] USA, Mexico, Argentina
Johnstonella angelica (I.M.Johnston) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha angelica I.M.Johnston] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella angustifolia (Torrey) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha angustifolia (Torrey) Greene] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella costata (Brandegee) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson  4.3
[Cryptantha costata Brandegee] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella diplotricha (Philippi) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson*
[Cryptantha diplotricha (Philippi) Reiche] Argentina, Chile
Johnstonella fastigiata (I.M.Johnston) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha fastigiata I.M.Johnston] Mexico
Johnstonella geohintonii (B.L.Turner) M.G.Simpson & R.B.Kelley
[Cryptantha geohintonii B.L.Turner Mexico
Johnstonella grayi (Vasey & Rose) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha grayi (Vasey & Rose) J.F.Macbride Mexico
     var. grayi
[Cryptantha grayi var. grayi] Mexico
     var. cryptochaeta (J.F.Macbride) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha grayi var. cryptochaeta (J.F.Macbride) I.M.Johnston] Mexico
     var. nesiotica (I.M.Johnston) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha grayi var. nesiotica I.M.Johnston Mexico
Johnstonella gypsites (I.M.Johnston) Hasenstab & M.E.Mabry 
[Cryptantha gypsites I.M.Johnston] Mexico
Johnstonella holoptera (A.Gray) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson  4.3
[Cryptantha holoptera (A.Gray) J.F.Macbride] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella inaequata (I.M.Johnst.) Brand
[Cryptantha inaequata I.M.Johnston USA
Johnstonella mexicana (Brandegee) M.E.Mabry & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha mexicana (Brandegee) I.M.Johnston] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella parviflora (Phil.) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson*
[Cryptantha parviflora (Phil.) Reiche] Chile, Peru
Johnstonella pusilla (Torr. & A.Gray) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson
[Cryptantha pusilla (Torrey & A.Gray) Greene] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella racemosa (A.Gray) Brand
[Cryptantha racemosa (A.Gray) Greene] USA, Mexico
Johnstonella shelyae G.S.Hinton
None Mexico
     
NEW TAXA IN PROGRESS (name tentative):    
Johnstonella atacamensis Muñoz-Schick & M.G.Simpson, sp. nov.*
None Chile

SYNONYMS OF JOHNSTONELLA/SINÓNIMOS DE JOHNSTONELLA   COUNTRY/PAÍS
Johnstonella echinosepala (J.F.Macbride) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson =Cryptantha echinosepala J.F.Macbride Mexico
Johnstonella micromeres (A.Gray) Hasenstab & M.G.Simpson =Cryptantha micromeres (A.Gray) Greene Mexico, USA

California Native Plant Society (CNPS) Inventory Listings:

1A = California endemic, presumed extinct
1B = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California and elsewhere
2 = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California, but more common elsewhere
3 = review list (they need more information to list or not)
4 = Limited distribution (Watch List)
.1 = Seriously endangered in California (over 80% of occurrences threatened / high degree and immediacy of threat)
.2 = Fairly endangered in California (20-80% occurrences threatened)
.3 = Not very endangered in California (<20% of occurrences threatened or no current threats known)

KEY TO JOHSTONELLA TAXA/LLAVE A TAXONES DE JOHNSTONELLA

CHROMOSOME NUMBERS OF AMSINCKIINAE, including Johnstonella


LITERATURE CITED:

Brand, A. 1925. Drei neue Gattungen dar Cryptantheae. Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis 21:249-254.
Hasenstab-Lehman, K. E. and M. G. Simpson. 2012. Cat’s eyes and popcorn flowers: Phylogenetic systematics of the genus Cryptantha s.l. (Boraginaceae). Systematic Botany 37:738–757.
Simpson, M. G., K. Hasenstab-Lehman, and R. B. Kelley. 2014. Typification of the name Johnstonella (Boraginaceae). Taxon 63:930-931.
Mabry, M. E. and M. G. Simpson. 2018. Evaluating the monophyly and biogeography of Cryptantha (Boraginaceae). Systematic Botany 43:53-76.
Simpson, M. G., C. M. Guilliams, K. E. Hasenstab-Lehman, M. E. Mabry, and L. Ripma. 2017. Phylogeny of the popcorn flowers: Use of genome skimming to evaluate monophyly
      and interrelationships in subtribe Amsinckiinae (Boraginaceae). Taxon 66:1406–1420.
Simpson, M. G., M. E. Mabry, and K. Hasenstab-Lehman. 2019. Transfer of four species of Cryptantha to the genus Johnstonella (Boraginaceae). Phytotaxa 425:279–289.





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