Harpagonella

Andersonglossum Cryptantha Eremocarya Greeneocharis Harpagonella Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus
Adelinia Amsinckia Amsinckiopsis Andersonglossum Cryptantha Dasynotus Eremocarya Greeneocharis Gruvelia Harpagonella Johnstonella Oncaglossum Oreocarya Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus Sonnea

Systematics of Amsinckiinae (Boraginaceae): The Popcorn Flowers

[Amsinckiinae HOME]

Harpagonella A.Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 88 (1876)


Pronunciation/Pronunciación:
Har-pa-go-nél-la
Etymology/Etimología:
diminuitive of harpago, a small grappling hook, from the calyx prickles
Synonyms/Sinónimos:


Plagiobothrys Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Seminum [St.Petersburg (Petropolitanus)] 2: 46 (printed as 21) (1836)
   Veno (1979:60) proposed transferring Harpagonella palmeri to Pectocarya, as P. palmeri (A.Gray) Veno,
    but this was not validly published.

Type Species/EspeciesTipo:
Harpagonella palmeri A.Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 88 (1876)

Distribution of Harpagonella:
Harpagonella distribution from POWO Harpagonella distribution from GBIF.org
LEFT: POWO. 2019. Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org.Green=native. Accessed 26 Dec 2019.
RIGHT: GBIF. 2019. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. http://www.gbif.org. Accessed 26 Dec 2019.


TOTAL NUMBER OF TAXA IN GENUS:
2 species and 2 minimum ranked taxon
North American only (USA and Mexico)

California Native Plant Society (CNPS) Inventory Listings:
                    1A = California endemic, presumed extinct
                    1B = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California and elsewhere
                    2 = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California, but more common elsewhere
                    3 = review list (they need more information to list or not)
                    4 = Limited distribution (Watch List)
                    .1 = Seriously endangered in California (over 80% of occurrences threatened / high degree and immediacy of threat)
                    .2 = Fairly endangered in California (20-80% occurrences threatened)
                    .3 = Not very endangered in California (<20% of occurrences threatened or no current threats known)


KEY TO TAXA (after Guilliams et al. 2016)

1. Fruits 6-9 mm long, appendages (average) 3.3-5 mm long; Arizona and northern Sonora (rarely Baja California), Mexico ......... H. arizonica
1' Fruits 3-6 mm long, appendages (average) 1.5-3.2 mm long; southwestern California and Baja California peninsula, Mexico .....
H. palmeri


CHROMOSOME NUMBERS OF AMSINCKIINAE, including Harpagonella



LITERATURE CITED:

Gray, A. 1876. V. Miscellaneous botanical contributions. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 11:71-104.
Guilliams, C. M., T. Jang, and B. G. Baldwin. 2016. Molecular and morphological evidence for recognition of two species within Harpagonella (Amsinckiinae, Boraginaceae).
      PhytoKeys 70: 17-30.
Johnston, I.M. 1924. Studies in the Boraginaceae II. A synopsis of the American native and immigrant Borages of the subfamily Boraginoideae. Contr. Gray Herb. 70: 3-61.
Veno, B. A. 1979. A revision of the genus Pectocarya (Boraginaceae) including reduction to synonymy of the genus Harpagonella (Boraginaceae). Doctoral Dissertation,
     University of California, Los Angeles.





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