Cryptantha maritima

Cryptantha maritima (Greene) Greene

Pittonia 1: 117. 1887


[Cryptantha HOME / INICIO]


Pronunciation/Pronunciación:
Cryp-tán-tha ma-rí-ti-ma
Etymology/Etimología:
"of the sea", perhaps after type specimen collected near ocean on Guadalupe Island
Synonyms/Sinónimos:

HOMOTYPIC:
Krynitzia maritima Greene (Basionym), Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1(4): 204-205 (1885)

HETEROTYPIC:
Krynitzkia ramosissima A. Gray (in part), ined. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 277 (1885)
Cryptantha ramosissima (A.Gray) Greene (in part), ined. Pittonia 1: 116 (1887)

Type/Tipo:
E. L. Greene s.n., 26 Apr 1885, MEXICO: Baja California, Guadalupe Island (US00111056)


Basionym Protologue from Bull. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1(4): 204-205 (1885)
K. maritima.
Erect, a, span to a foot high, intricately and compactly branching: leaves linear, an inch long, setose with short bristles: spikes elongated, with only here and there a leafy bract: calyx a line [ca. 2.2 mm] long, short-bristly, not villous: nutlet solitary, hardly a half line long, dark brown and shining, ovate-lanceolate in outline, ventral face flat, the closed groove terminating in a triangular or roundish scar. K. ramosissima, Gray, 1. c. as to the plant of Guadalupe Island. First collected by Dr. Palmer, in 1875, and again by the present writer, April 26, 1885.
      This and the preceding all fall into line with K. oxycarya and K. microstachys, with which they agree in the character of a solitary, smooth and shining nutlet.


Simpson and Rebman 2021

Treatment from Johnston 1925

Note on Cryptantha ramosissima by Brandegee 1889


Phylogenetic Relationships:
Simpson_etal2017-p1411b cladogram
Mabry_Simpson2018-Fig5,p63-Concatenated cladogram
Cladograms from: Top, Simpson et al. 2017:1411, cpDNA results; Bottom, Mabry and Simpson 2018, concatenated results.
In all these results, Cryptantha maritima is part of a well-supported "Maritimae" clade with C. clokeyi, C. martirensis, C. muricata, the South American C. subamplexicaulis, and (in Simpson et al. 2017) Cryptantha echinosepala [J. echinosepala]. Three of these are in Johnston's series Muricatae (K-Mur); C. maritima and C. echinosepala is in his Maritimae (K-Mar in Mabry and Simpson 2018); C. subamplexicaulis is in his Barbigerae (K-Bar).



Distribution:
Left and Middle: Distribution of Cryptantha maritima varieties in North America, from Simpson and Rebman 2021.
Black dots=C. maritima var. maritima; red dots=C. maritima var. pilosa; green triangles=C. maritima var. cedrosensis; yellow squares=C. maritima var. vizcainensis.
Right: Distribution of C
. maritima var. pilosa in South America.


Distribution of Cryptantha maritima varieties in North America.
Left: Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2015. Taxonomic Data Center. (http://www.bonap.net/tdc).
COLOR KEY: Dark green =present in state; Light green=present in county, not rare.
Right: CCH2. (Click to see live herbarium records)


Key to the four accepted varieties of Cryptantha maritima (from Simpson and Rebman 2021)

   
    Stem trichomes appressed and spreading; ovules 4, nutlets 1–4; endemic to Cedros Island, Baja California ... C. maritima var. cedrosensis
    Stem trichomes appressed and spreading or appressed only; ovules 2; islands and mainland of the Baja California peninsula, southwestern United States, and/or Sonora, Mexico
          Corolla limb 3–5 mm wide; stem strigose-canescent, trichomes only or predominantly appressed; endemic to the foothills and mountains of the western
                  Vizcaíno Desert, Baja California Sur ... C. maritima var. vizcainensis
          Corolla limb 1–2 mm wide; stems strigose and hispid, trichomes both appressed and spreading; widespread
                Calyx of mature fruits densely white-hirsute on marginal abaxial surface, trichomes inclined to erect, longest generally ≥1 mm long; midribs hispid, trichomes thin,
                        ascending to erect ... C. maritima var. pilosa
                Calyx of mature fruits sparsely to densely white-hirsute on marginal abaxial surface, trichomes appressed, longest generally < 1 mm long; midribs hispid, trichomes stout,
                        generally horizontal to reclined... C. maritima var. maritima





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