Cryptantha

Adelinia Amsinckia Amsinckiopsis Andersonglossum Cryptantha Dasynotis Eremocarya Greeneocharis Harpagonella Johnstonella Oncaglossum Oreocarya Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus Sonnea
Adelinia Amsinckia Amsinckiopsis Andersonglossum Cryptantha Dasynotus Eremocarya Greeneocharis Harpagonella Johnstonella Oncaglossum Oreocarya Pectocarya Plagiobothrys Simpsonanthus Sonnea

Systematics of Amsinckiinae (Boraginaceae): The Popcorn Flowers

[Amsinckiinae HOME]


Cryptantha Lehmann ex G.Don

Gen. Hist. 4(1): 373 (1837)

Pronunciation/Pronunciación:
Cryp-tán-tha
Etymology/Etimología:

krypto/crypto, "hidden / econdido" + anthos, "flower / flor," after the cleistogamous flowers in the type species / de las flores cleistógamas en la especies tipo
Synonyms/Sinónimos:












Echinospermum Sw. ex Lehm.
Eremocarya Greene
Eritrichium Schrad. ex Gaudin
Greeneocharis Gürke & Harms
Hemisphaerocarya Brand
Johnstonella Brand
Krynitzkia Fisch. & C.A. Meyer, Index Seminum [St. Petersburg] 7: 52. 1841
Lithospermum L.
Myosotis L.
Oreocarya Greene
Piptocalyx Torr., ined.
Rochelia Rch.
Wheelerella G.B. Grant, ined.]

Type Species/EspeciesTipo:

Cryptantha glomerata Lehmann ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 4(1): 373 (1837)
      Lectotype chosen by Johnston 1935, J. Arnold Arbor. 16(2): 196. 1935 [24 Apr 1935]

Distribution of Cryptantha:
cryptantha distribution 1
cryptantha distribution 2
LEFT: GBIF 2019: https://www.gbif.org. Accessed 24 Dec 2019.
RIGHT: POWO. 2019. Plants of the World Online. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org. Green=native. Accessed 24 Dec 2019.




TOTAL NUMBER OF TAXA IN GENUS:
98
species and 110 minimally ranked taxa
FULL SYNONOMY HERE

NORTH AMERICAN TAXA
[ = also in South America; *=rare in country, needing verification]

55 species (66 taxa) of Cryptantha in North America
55 especies (66 taxones) de Cryptantha de Norteamericana
Johnston's 1925 Treatment

SOUTH AMERICAN TAXA
[ = also in North America]

44 species (45 taxa) of Cryptantha in South America
44 especies (45 taxones) de Cryptantha de Sudamericana
Johnston's 1927 Treatment
Johnston's 1929 Treatment

TAXON/TAXÓN                                                               COUNTRY/PAÍS
Cryptantha affinis (A.Gray) Greene
Canada USA
Cryptantha ambigua (A.Gray) Greene Canada USA
Cryptantha barbigera (A.Gray) Greene
Mexico USA
   var. barbigera
Mexico USA
   var. fergusoniae J.F.Macbride
USA
Cryptantha clevelandii Greene
Mexico USA
Cryptantha clokeyi I.M.Johnston  1B.2
USA
Cryptantha corollata (I.M.Johnston) I.M.Johnston
  USA
Cryptantha crassisepala (Torrey & A Gray) Greene
USA
   var. crassisepala
USA
   var. elachantha I.M.Johnston
  USA
Cryptantha crinita Greene 1B.2
USA
Cryptantha cycloptera (Greene) Greene 
    USA
Cryptantha decipiens (M.E.Jones) A.Heller
Mexico USA
Cryptantha dissita I.M.Johnston 1B.2  BE/SI
USA
Cryptantha dumetorum (Greene ex A.Gray) Greene
USA
Cryptantha echinella Greene
USA
Cryptantha excavata Brandegee 1B.1  WI
  USA
Cryptantha fendleri (A.Gray) Greene 2B.2
Canada* USA
Cryptantha flaccida (Douglas ex Lehmann) Greene  WI
USA
Cryptantha foliosa (Greene) Greene
Mexico  
Cryptantha ganderi I.M.Johnston 1B.1
  Mexico USA
Cryptantha glomeriflora Greene 4.3
USA
Cryptantha gracilis Osterhout
USA
Cryptantha grandiflora Rydberg
USA
Cryptantha hispidissima Greene
USA
Cryptantha hispidula Greene ex Brand  SE
USA
Cryptantha hooveri I.M.Johnston 1A
USA
Cryptantha incana Greene 1B.3
  USA
Cryptantha intermedia (A.Gray) Greene  WI/IN
Canada* Mexico USA
  var. hendersonii (A. Nelson) Jepson & Hoover
USA
  var. johnstonii J.F.Macbride
Mexico USA
  var. intermedia
Mexico USA
Cryptantha juniperensis R.B.Kelley & M.G.Simpson
  Mexico USA
Cryptantha kelseyana Greene
Canada* USA
Cryptantha leiocarpa (Fischer & C.A.Meyer) Greene
  USA
Cryptantha mariposae I. M. Johnston 1B.3  SE
  USA
Cryptantha maritima (Greene) Greene  
  Mexico USA
   var. cedrosensis (Greene) I. M. Johnston
Mexico
   var. maritima
Mexico USA
   var. pilosa I. M. Johnston  
Mexico USA
Cryptantha martirensis M. G. Simpson & Rebman
Mexico  
Cryptantha microstachys (Greene ex A.Gray) Greene
Mexico USA
Cryptantha milobakeri I.M.Johnston  SI
USA
Cryptantha minima Rydberg
USA
Cryptantha mohavensis (Greene) Greene
USA
Cryptantha muricata (Hooker & Arnott) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbride
Mexico USA
   var. denticulata (Greene) I. M. Johnston
USA
   var. jonesii (A. Gray) I. M. Johnston
Mexico USA
   var. muricata
USA
Cryptantha nemaclada Greene
USA
Cryptantha nevadensis A.Nelson & P.B.Kennedy
USA
Cryptantha oxygona (A.Gray) Greene
USA
Cryptantha patula Greene
Mexico  
Cryptantha pterocarya (Torrey) Greene 
Mexico USA
  var. pterocarya
Mexico USA
  var. purpusii Jepson
Mexico USA
  var. stenoloba I.M.Johnston
USA
Cryptantha rattanii Greene 4.3
USA
Cryptantha recurvata Coville
USA
Cryptantha rostellata (Greene) Greene 4.2
USA
Cryptantha scoparia A.Nelson 4.3
USA
Cryptantha simulans Greene
USA
Cryptantha sparsiflora (Greene) Greene
USA
Cryptantha spithamaea I.M.Johnston 1B.3
USA
Cryptantha texana Greene
USA
Cryptantha torreyana (A.Gray) Greene
Canada USA
   var. pumila (A. Heller) I.M.Johnston
USA
   var. torreyana
Canada USA
Cryptantha traskiae I.M.Johnston 1B.1
USA
Cryptantha utahensis (A.Gray) Greene
Mexico USA
Cryptantha watsonii (A.Gray) Greene
Canada* USA
Cryptantha wigginsii I.M.Johnston 1B.2
Mexico USA
UNVERIFIED:  
Cryptantha pattersonii (A.Gray) Greene
USA
Cryptantha ramosissima (A.Gray) Greene
USA
POSSIBLE NEW TAXA:  
Cryptantha sp. nov.
USA
Cryptantha sp. nov.? - York 3293
USA
TAXON/TAXÓN                                                   COUNTRY/PAÍS
Cryptantha alfalfalis (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha alyssoides (DC.) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha aprica (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha argentea I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha aspera (Philippi) Grau
Chile
Cryptantha calycina (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha calycotricha I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha capituliflora (Clos) Reiche
Argentina Chile
Cryptantha chaetocalyx (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha chispae Grau
Chile
Cryptantha cynoglossoides (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Argentina Chile
Cryptantha dichita (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha diffusa (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Argentina Bolivia Chile
Cryptantha dimorpha (Philippi) Greene
Chile
Cryptantha dolichophylla (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha filaginea (Philippi) Reiche
Chile Peru
Cryptantha filiformis (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha globulifera (Clos) Reiche
Argentina Chile
Cryptantha glomerata Lehmann ex G.Don
Chile
   subsp. glomerata
Chile
   subsp. quadrinunculata Grau
Chile
Cryptantha glomerulifera (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Argentina Chile
Cryptantha gnaphalioides (A.DC.) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha granulosa (Ruiz & Pav.) I.M.Johnston
Peru
Cryptantha haplostachya (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha hispida (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha involucrata (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha kingii (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha latefissa R.L.Pérez-Mor.
Argentina
Cryptantha limensis (A.DC.) I.M.Johnston
Chile Peru
Cryptantha linearis (Colla) Greene
Chile
Cryptantha longifolia (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha marioricardiana Teillier
Chile
Cryptantha maritima (Greene) Greene
Argentina
   var. pilosa I.M.Johnston  
 
Cryptantha marticorenae Grau
Chile
Cryptantha mendocina I.M.Johnston
Argentina
Cryptantha papillosa R.L.Pérez-Mor.
Argentina
Cryptantha patagonica (Speg.) I.M.Johnston
Argentina
Cryptantha peruviana I.M.Johnston
Bolivia Peru
Cryptantha phaceloides (Clos) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha romanii I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha spathulata (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha subamplexicaulis (Philippi) Reiche
Chile
Cryptantha taltalensis I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha volckmannii (Philippi) I.M.Johnston
Chile
Cryptantha werdermanniana I.M.Johnston
Chile
   
   
   
   
California Native Plant Society (CNPS) Inventory Listings:
1A = California endemic, presumed extinct
1B = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California and elsewhere
2 = Rare, threatened, or endangered in California, but more common elsewhere
3 = review list (they need more information to list or not)
4 = Limited distribution (Watch List)
.1 = Seriously endangered in California (over 80% of occurrences threatened / high degree and immediacy of threat)
.2 = Fairly endangered in California (20-80% occurrences threatened)
.3 = Not very endangered in California (<20% of occurrences threatened or no current threats known)

Plant Taxa with High Affinity to Ultramafic Substrates in California (after Safford et al. 2005):
BE/SI = Broad Endemic/Strong Indicator
SE = Strong Endemic
SI = Strong Indicator
WI = Weak Indicator
WI/IN = Weak Indicator/Indifferent



LISTING OF SOUTH AMERICAN SPECIES BY INFRAGENERIC GROUP/LISTADO DE ESPECIES SUDAMERICA POR INFRAGENERICA GRUPO

KEYS/CLAVES TO SOUTH AMERICAN CRYPTANTHA

CHROMOSOME NUMBERS OF AMSINCKIINAE, including Cryptantha

LITERATURE CITED:

Don, G. 1837. A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants (Original Title: A General System of Gardening and Botany). Gilbert & Rivington, London, UK.
Johnston, I. M. 1935. Studies in the Boraginaceae XI. New or otherwise noteworthy species. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 16:173-205.
Safford, H.D., J.H. Vires, and S.P. Harrison. 2005. Serpentine Endemism in the California Flora: A Database of Serpentine Affinity. Madroño 52:222-257.





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