Assessing and reducing alcohol consumption among Latina mothers using WIC services





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Behavioral Ecological Model


The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, alcohol-related birth defects and neurodevelopmental disorder represent the spectrum of consequences of alcohol abuse during pregnancy and may affect 1 in 100 live born infants. Reducing alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a priority within the Healthy People 2010 objectives. Although maternal alcohol use has been studied in a number of racial and ethnic groups, Latinas have received little attention in this regard. The objectives of the Healthy Mothers Study are 1) to determine the frequency of self-reported alcohol consumption in a sample of low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Latinas of childbearing age, and to examine risk factors for alcohol use among women in this sample, and 2) in non-pregnant Latinas, to test the effectiveness of an educational feedback intervention on intent to change alcohol consuming behavior in a future pregnancy. The first objective will be accomplished through the use of a screening questionnaire and comprehensive in-person interviews among Latinas receiving services at one of the SDSU Foundation WIC sites. The second objective will be accomplished by randomizing a sample of non-pregnant Latinas to an educational feedback message on the risks in a future pregnancy of current continued alcohol consumption. Outcome will be measured by a post-intervention interview regarding future intention to modify behavior. Accomplishment of these objectives will provide valuable information for health practitioners and public health officials as Latinos comprise a large and rapidly growing ethnic group in the U.S. Furthermore, effective behavioral interventions in pre-pregnant Latinas may be an important approach to preventing alcohol exposure during pregnancy, particularly in the critical early weeks prior to pregnancy recognition..

Principal Investigator: Mel Hovell, PhD, MPH

Co-Investigators: Edward Riley, PhD, Christina Chambers, PhD, MPH

Funded 2001 - 2004

Source: Association of Schools of Public Health
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry -- (CDC)


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