REFERENCE: Hagenhoff, C., Lowe, A., Hovell, M. F., Rugg, D. (1987). Prevention of the teenage pregnancy epidemic: A social learning theory approach. Education and Treatment of Children, 10, 67-83.
This review provides a social learning model for explaining adolescent sexual behavior and use/nonuse of contraceptives. This model attempts to explain the behavior patterns responsible for epidemic rates of teenage pregnancies and direct research that will result in prevention of teenage pregnancies. The model includes a range of social/cultural factors, including speculations about the role of life-career goals and employment. Applied interventions and directions for research are discussed.