Soil Ecology and Research Group
last update December 16, 2004
INVASIVE SPECIES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
Background and Objectives:
Wildland weed abatement is a field that is presently in its embryonic stages.
All wildland weed abatement has its roots in the history of abatement programs
developed for agriculture and rangeland management. For instance, in regards
to herbicide development, all research is done for agricultural uses and the
use of products in wildlands is, for the large part, guess work based on agricultural
Only ten years have past since the formation of organizations to address the problems that non-native plants cause in wildland areas. The Department manages wildland areas throughout the State and all of these lands have invasive non-native plants infesting them ecologically threatening the diversity of the native plants and animals that inhabit them.
The Safe Neighborhood Parks, Clean Water, Clean Air, and Coastal Protection
Bond Act of 2000 (also known as the Villaraigosa-Keeley Act or Proposition 12)
allocated money towards abatement of wildland weeds in San Diego County's DFG
Ecological Reserves. The reserves have had weed assessments performed and some
reserves have had significant weed abatement accomplished by
contractors, the Department of Forestry, DFG staff and, to some extent, volunteers.
DFG's Pesticide Investigations Unit (PIU) is responsible for recommending pest plant abatement on the Department's lands. PIU is constantly searching for more efficient methods for controlling weeds in wildland settings. The PIU has been actively working with the San Diego reserve botanist to implement abatement projects since the passing of Proposition 12.
The objective of this contract is to prepare for the Department of Fish and Game, a research and implementation program for the abatement of non-native invasive plants and to implement that program for the fifteen ecological reserves listed above. There are not enough fiscal sources to control all the weed infestations that exist on the Department's Ecological Reserves in San Diego Co. However, this contract will address many of the most problematic populations within the reserves while providing useful information for future abatement projects making such projects more cost effective.
Work to be Performed:
During the 1st month after the contract is signed, the Contractor will attend a “Kick-Off” meeting with the Contract Manager and conduct initial site visits. Issues, processes and points-of-contact will be established. Contractor will meet or conference by telephone with Contract Manager at least once a month for the duration on the contract All these activities will be done in conjunction and collaboration with the Department's Land Management and Monitoring Program (LMMP) and PIU. Appropriate scheduling will be done with consultation and conjunction with LMMP and PIU. Many of these abatement projects can be completed in a matter of a few months. Additional projects will be planned and implemented often based upon knowledge acquired from pervious ones. Therefore, the process of identifying new abatement projects to be researched will be ongoing and it is foreseen that new projects will be identified and implemented even in the third and last year of the contract.
(2) Consultations and Literature search
The Contractor will be provided a working semi-annotated list of agencies, organizations or individuals that may be knowledgeable and or helpful about the properties in regards to wildland weed control information. The Contractor will collaborate with the Department's LMMP in establishing data sharing and coordination with other ongoing efforts on the Ecological Reserves. This information will be incorporated into the Weed Abatement Research Program.
(3) Data review and site specific analysis for abatement projects
Contractor will be provided a review of all data available from the Department and other resources identified during the initial consultation process for each abatement project, and will conduct site visits to identify any potential problems and issues.
(4) Plan Preparation
The tasks chosen will be the implementation of various abatement projects of specific targeted populations of weed species. Each population will be treated as a research project developed in collaboration between the Contractor, LMMP and PIU.
The Contractor, in collaboration with LMMP and PIU, will prepare a plan for each abatement project. Each section will include the names and descriptions of the non-native plants, the population locations, the specific abatement treatments, schedule of treatments and follow-up monitoring and treatments.
The DFG Pesticde Use Coordinator will provide all herbicide recommendations necessary to carry out all projects. LMMP staff will provide applicators with annual application training if necessary. Such training will focus on appropriate herbicide applications within the Department's Ecological Reserve System.
The Contractor will purchase equipment and materials after consultation with the Contract Manager and other appropriate DFG staff. LMMP staff will provide necessary training to field staff for the necessary correct identification of species existing on the reserves. The training will include the use of handbooks, photographs, herbarium specimens, etc.
The Contractor will be expected to be flexible enough to incorporate appropriate assistance from volunteers from organizations that are associated with restoration activities on the reserves. On some reserves there may possible be assistance from county park personnel or other agencies such as the California Department of Forestry, etc. Any such assistant must be done in close collaboration with the Contractor, Contract Manager, Reserve Manager and the assisting organization(s).
The DFG contract manager and/or land manager will facilitate access to the reserves for the Contractor's personnel and help keep all responsible parties aware of pertinent issues while working on the reserves. The Contractor will be required to have all the necessary permitting documents, access letters, vehicle placards and information needed for safe, legal and effective field work. Access protocol will be followed by the Contractor.
Careful records will be kept to memorialize images, GPS points and to record other pertinent information for each project.
The Contractor will integrate and standardize field data provided by the Department of Fish and Game. The uses of the data will include the evaluation of targeted non-native invasive plant populations and will establish a set of management goals and tasks to ensure the permanent removal of selected non-native invasive plants to the above mentioned Ecological Reserves. Such evaluations, goals and tasks will be made in collaboration with the LMMP Reserve Botanist and the DFG Pesticide Use Coordinator.
The Contractor will provide the DFG with the following list of deliverables.
(1) Reports will consist of written progress accounts for the program and the various abatement projects that were implemented on the reserves. The reports will contain precise up-to-date information on the status of each project. The reports will include all the pertinent information for each project. That information will consist of, but not be limited to, project name, plant population, location, types of treatment/methods, dates, personnel, hours spent on project, products used and annotations. Reports shall be accompanied by an electronic copy of updated Access database, as well as electronic versions of the reports in Microsoft Word. Digitally formatted photos shall accompany reports and they should be named in such a manner that they can be linked to the access database for obtaining attribute data for the photos.
(2)The first due date will be the first day of the month 3 months after the execution of the contract. All draft reports will allow for two reviews and two revisions by the Contract manager. Final report due 30 days after draft is submitted.
|First quarter draft report due 3 months
Biannual draft report due 6 months
Quarterly draft report due 9 months
Annual draft report due 12 months
Quarterly draft report due 15 months
Biannual draft report due 18 months
Quarterly draft report due 21 months
Annual draft report due 24 months
Quarterly draft report due 27 months
Biannual draft report due 30 months
Quarterly draft report due 33 months
Final draft report due 36 months
(3) The Contractor is fully responsible for all California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) requirements relating to pesticide use reporting to the County Agricultural Commissioner's office (Agriculture, Weights & Measures of San Diego County). The Contract Manager will receive a copy of the DPR Monthly Use Report from the Contractor in a timely manner. The Department's PIU requires additional information on herbicide applications on its lands to be submitted on its internal Herbicide Use Reports. The Contractor will collaborate with the Contract Manager in the submittal process of the Herbicide Use Reports.
DEPARTMENT OF FISH AND GAME SOUTH COAST REGION
LOCATION AND ACCESS SUMMARIES
ECOLOGICAL RESERVES OF SAN DIEGO COUNTY
Physical Location: All Reserves except Buena Vista Lagoon
have some degree of vehicular access into their boundaries. Vehicle use within
the boundaries requires access permission letters. Vehicles must have Access
Authorization placards displayed on dashboard when inside the Reserves. Researchers
will be restricted to only one vehicle per site visit unless unforeseen circumstances
arise, in which case special authorization may be considered by the Reserve
manager in charge.
1) Aqua Hedionda Ecological Reserve is located on the coast within the City of Carlsbad between Tamarack Avenue and Cannon Road. The Reserve can be found in the 2003 San Diego County Thomas Guide on pages 1106 and 1126. Interstate Freeway 5 passes through Aqua Hedionda Lagoon. The Reserve is to the east of I-5 and the eastern border is formed by Cannon Road as it bends north from the south to El Camino Real, a roadway that also helps to frame the northeast section of the Reserve. Residential streets to the north border the Reserve. Park Dr. is one of the main streets along this border. The Reserve is located on the USGS San Luis Rey Quadrangle 7.5 minute series topographical map at approx. 117?19' and 33?09'. The Aqua Hedionda Ecological Reserve consists of 168 acres.
2) The Batiquitos Lagoon Ecological Reserve is located on the coast between the cities of Carlsbad to the north and Encinitas to the south. The 2003 Thomas Guide to San Diego County shows the Reserve on pages 1127 and 1147. The Reserve itself is within the city of Carlsbad and is bordered to the north by several small residential streets, Batiquitos Drive being the most prominent. La Costa Avenue runs along the south border and El Camino Real is to the east. Interstate 5 passes through the lagoon near the western end. On the USGS 7.5 minute series Encinitas Quadrangle the Reserve is at approximately 117? 17' and 33? 05'. The Batiquitos Lagoon Ecological Reserve consists of 170 acres.
3) The Blue Sky Ecological Reserve is located in the city of Poway. It can be found in the 2003 Thomas Guide book for San Diego County on pages 1170 and 1171. Access is only obtained off of Espola Road where it makes a ninety degree turn to the south. A parking lot is located on that turn and that is the western border for the Reserve. The reservoir, Lake Poway, is on the southern border and the reservoir, Lake Ramona, is on the northeast border. Green Valley Truck Trail, a dirt road, runs through the Reserve to Lake Ramona. On the USGS Escondido Quadrangle 7.5 minute series topographical map the Reserve is at approximately 117? 01' and 33? 01'. The Blue Sky Ecological Reserve consists of 562 acres.
4) The Boden Canyon Ecological Reserve is located north of
Highway 78 between Escondido and Ramona about two east of San Pasqual Valley
and two miles west of Pauma Valley. It can be found on the 2003 Thomas Guide
page 409, section G-11. Access is via a gate at the southern border off the
Hwy -78 just east of Call Box 78-308.
The Reserve is to be found on the USGS San Pasqual Quadrangle 7.5 minute series at about 116? 53' and 33? 06'. The Boden Canyon Ecological Reserve consists of 1281 acres.
5) The Buena Vista Lagoon Ecological Reserve is located on the coast between Oceanside and Carlsbad. It is in the 2003 Thomas Guide on page 1106. The I-5 interstate passes through the western portion of the lagoon. To the north, the Reserve is bordered by Caltrans easements along Highway 78 east of I-5 and to the west of I-5, by small residential streets off of Vista Way. To the south, the boundary follows Jefferson Street for the most part and continues to the east where Jefferson meets Hwy 78.
The Reserve is located on the USGS San Luis Rey Quadrangle 7.5 minute series at approximately 117? 19' and 33? 11'. The Buena Vista Lagoon Ecological Reserve consists of 198 acres.
6) The Carlsbad Highlands Ecological Reserve is located in Carlsbad. In the 2003 Thomas Guide the Reserve is on page 1107. The Reserve is generally bordered by the main roadways of Hwy- 78 to the north, Tamarack Ave. and College Blvd. to the west and El Camino Real to the south. The eastern border is a residential development in the city of Oceanside. Access is off of El Camino Real near where Cannon Road intersects the Real. The Reserve is located on the USGS San Luis Rey Quadrangle 7.5 minute series at approximately 117?16' and 33?11'. The Carlsbad Highlands Ecological Reserve consists of 114 acres.
7) The Crestridge Ecological Reserve is located just south of the town of Lakeside and Interstate 8, in the community of Crest, approximately eight miles east of the City of El Cajon. It is to be found on pages 1232 and 1252 in the 2003 Thomas Guide. The Flinn Springs County Park off of Interstate 8 forms the northeast boundary of the Reserve. Access to the Reserve is off Interstate 8, taking Crest/Greenfield exit (south), left on La Cresta Road, then a left on La Cresta Blvd., then left on Lakeview Lane. Access is also at the end of Horsemill Road, and Rios Canyon Road. On the USGS El Cajon Quadrangle 7.5 minute series the Reserve is at about 116?52' and 33?50'. The Crestridge Ecological Reserve consists of 2,400 acres.
8) The McGinty Mountain Ecological Reserve is located about two miles northeast of Jamul, between Dehesa Road and Jamul Drive, east of Willow Glen Drive and west of Sycuan Peak in three disjunctive properties. In the Thomas Guide it is on page 1272. The westernmost property, the Willow Glen unit, is bordered by Willow Glen Drive and is access where Hillsdale Road meets that street. The Reserve is on the USGS El Cajon Quadrangle 7.5 minute series topographical map at approximately 116?52' and 32?46'. The McGinty Mountain Ecological Reserve consists of 411 acres.
9) The Otay Mountain Ecological Reserve is located on the northeast facing slope of San Ysidro Mountains, below Otay Mountain and south of the western arm of Dulzura Creek. It is east of Chula Vista. The Reserve is on page 1332, sections 2,3-C,D just southeast of the Lower Otay Reservoir in the 2003 Thomas Guide. Its northwestern edge is about a half mile south from the reservoir. Access is from Otay Lakes Road and the gate is just east of the junction of Dulzura Creek at this road by mile marker 7.5. The access is shown on page 1293, section G-6 and the left hand fork in the road as one is entering shown in section E-7 is the road that leads to the Reserve's entrance. The Reserve is on the USGS Otay Mesa Quadrangle 7.5 minute series topographical map at about 116?53' and 32?37'. The Otay Mountain Ecological Reserve consists of 480 acres.
10) The Plaisted Creek Ecological Reserve is located on the flank of Mt. Palomar at the east edge of Pauma Valley and is just north of Highway 76. It is on pages 1051 and 409 in the 2003 Thomas Guide. Access is off of Hwy 76 four miles east of the Hwy 76/S6. It is not open to the public. The Reserve is on the USGS Boucher Hill Quadrangle 7.5 minute series at about 116?55' and 33?17'. The Plaisted Creek Ecological Reserve consists of 465 acres.
11) Rancho Jamul Ecological Reserve is located south and adjacent to Highway 94, Campo Road, just east of Jamul. The Jamul Indian Reservation is adjacent to the Reserve on the west on Hwy 94. Highway 94 is the northern-westerly border of the Reserve and the first two miles of the Otay Lakes Road is within the Reserve's south eastern portion. The main access is through the main gate along the Jamul Creek. The Reserve is on page 1293 of the San Diego County Thomas Guide of 2003. It is on the USGS Dulzura 7.5 minute series Quadrangle topographical map where it is clearly noticed as a Spanish Land Grant. The Rancho Jamul Ecological Reserve consists of 3,700 acres.
12) The San Dieguito Lagoon Ecological Reserve is located on the coast and is mostly in Del Mar. The Interstate-5 borders its east side, the San Dieguito River is to the north and along the southern border runs San Dieguito Drive (Del Mar)/Racetrack View Drive(San Diego). Jimmy Durante Blvd. is not far from its western border. In general relation to the I-5, the Reserve is between Via De La Valle to the north and Del Mar Heights Road to the south. In the Thomas Guide of 2003, the lagoon is on page 1187. Access is off Via De La Valle exit west to Jimmy Durante Blvd. south, then east on San Dieguito Drive. On the USGS Del Mar Quadrangle 7.5 minute series the Reserve is at about 116?55' and 32?58'. The San Dieguito Lagoon Ecological Reserve consists of 110 acres.
13) The San Elijo Lagoon Ecological Reserve is on the coast between Encinitas to the north and Solana Beach. Interstate - 5 passes almost through the middle of the lagoon. Manchester Avenue borders most of the northern part of the Reserve and to the south are residential developments. El Camino Real is outside but close to the eastern border. The Reserve is on page 1167 of the Thomas Guide of 2003. The Reserve is on the USGS Encinitas Quadrangle 7.5 minute series topographical map at about 117?16' and 33?01'. The San Elijo Lagoon Ecological Reserve consists of 864 acres.
14) The Sycuan Peak Ecological Reserve is near the extreme western edge of the Cleveland National Forest which surrounds the Loveland Reservoir. The Reserve itself is about 1 mile south and 2 miles west of that Reservoir's dam. It is between Sloane Canyon Road on the north and Lawson Valley Road to the south, roughly halfway between Interstate 8 and State Route 94. It is on page 1273 of the Thomas Guide of 2003. The north access is through a gate across Sloane Canyon Road. To the south there is a tiny dirt road off Lawson Valley Road. The Reserve is on the USGS Sycuan Peak 7.5 minute series Quadrangle topographical may at approx. 116?50' and 32?16'. The Sycuan Peak Ecological Reserve consists of 1,733 acres.
15) Walker Canyon Ecological Reserve is located just north
and adjacent to I-8, with its westernmost border about 3 miles east of the Ribbonwood
Rd. exit. It is to be found in the 2003 Thomas Guide book on page 1300, sections
C and D-6. The Reserve is a little over two miles long as it parallels Interstate
8. Its western edge is even with and below Tule Lake, the eastern edge is the
Anza-Borrego State Park. To the north is BLM land and Tule Creek area. Access
can be made at two locations along the Caltrans easement on the westbound lanes
(north). Arrangements must be made with Caltrans and CHiP and usually requires
notification over the telephone. This access is excellent for visiting the riparian
zone. Access to the north via the BLM land is more difficult.
The Reserve is located on the USGS Jacumba 7.5 minute series Quadrangle topographical map at about 116?14' and 32?40'. The Walker Canyon parcel consists of 514.13 acres.