Allen, E. B., H. A. Violi, M. F. Allen and A. Gomez-Pompa. Restoration of tropical seasonal forest in Quintana Roo. In: Gomez-Pompa, A., M. F. Allen, S. Fedick, and J. J. Jimenez-Osornio. Lowland Maya Area: Three millennia at the human-wildland interface. Haworth Press, N.Y. in press.

Allen, E. B., J. S. Brown, and M. F. Allen. 2001. Restoration of animal, plant and microbial diversity. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, volume 5. S. Levin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego. Pp 185-202.

Allen, M. F. and E. Rincon. The changing global government and the Lowland Maya Area: past patterns and current dynamics. In: Gomez-Pompa, A., M. F. Allen, S. Fedick, and J. J. Jimenez-Osornio. Lowland Maya Area: Three millennia at the human-wildland interface. Haworth Press, N.Y. in press.

Allen, M. F., J. Lansing, and E. B. Allen. The role of mycorrhizal fungi in composition and dynamics of plant communities: A scaling issue. Progress in Botany. in press.

Allen, M. F., L. Egerton-Warburton, K. Treseder, C. Cario, A. Lindahl, J. Lansing, I. Querejeta, O. Karen, S. Harney, and T. Zink. Biodiversity and mycorrhizal fungi in southern California: Harbingers of regional environmental change? In: B. Kus, J. Beyers, and R. Fisher, Planning for Biodiversity: Bringing research and management together. USDA Forest Service Publication No---, in press.

Bainbridge, D. A., John Tiszler, Robert MacAller and Michael F. Allen. 2001. Irrigation and mulch effects on desert shrub transplant establishment. Native Plants Journal 2(1):25-29. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David A. 2001. Buried clay pot irrigation. Agricultural Water Management. Agricultural Water Management. 48: 79-88. (Abstract)

Egerton, -Warburton, L. M., R. C. Graham, E. B. Allen, and M. F. Allen. Reconstruction of historical changes in mycorrhizal fungal communities under anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B. in press.

Egerton, -Warburton, L. M., E. B. Allen and M. F. Allen. Mycorrhizal fungal communities: their organization, role and conversation in ecosystems under elevated atmospheric CO2 and anthropogenic nitrogen deposition. In: K. Sivasithamparam and K. W. Dixon (eds.) microorganisms in Plant Conservation and Biodiversity. Kluwer Academic Press, in press.

Egerton, -Warburton, L. M., and M. F. Allen. Endo- and ectomycorrhizae in Quercus agrifolia Nee. (Fagaceae): patterns of root colonization and effects on seedling growth. Mycorrhiza. In press.

Pregitzer, K. S., J. L. DeForest, A. J. Burton, M. F. Allen, R. W. Ruess, and R. L. Hendrick. Fine root length, diameter, specific root length and nitrogen concentrations of nine tree species across four North American Biomes. Ecology. in press.

RIllig, M. C., K. K. Treseder and M. F. Allen. 2001. Global change and mycorrhizal fungi. In M. van der Heijden and I. Sanders. Mycorrhizal Ecology. Springer-verlag, NY, in press.

Querejeta, J. I., L. Egerton-Warburton and M. F. Allen. Reciprocal water transfer between plants and their fungal mutualists on a circadian cycle. Nature, in review. in press.


Allen, E.B., S.A. Eliason, V.J. Marquez, G.P. Schultz, N.K. Storms, C.D. Stylinski, T.A. Zink and M.F. Allen. 2000. What are the limits to restoration of coastal sage scrub in Southern California. In J.E. Keely, M.B. Keely, and C.J. Fotheringham, eds. Second Interface between Ecology and Land Development in California. International Association of Wildland Fire, Fairfield, Washington. (Abstract)

Allen, E.B., J.S. Brown and M.F. Allen. 2000. Restoration and Biodiversity. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, S. Levin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego.

Allen, M.F. 2000. Book Review: Current advances in mycorrhizae research. Mycological Research 104: 1279-1280. in press.

Allen, M.F. 2000. Mycorrhizae. in M. Alexander (ed.). Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 2nd edition. Academic Press, San Diego.

Bainbridge, David A. 2000. Too much of a good thing: the nitrogen pollution problem. Green Teacher 60:5-7. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David A. 2000. The risks of genetically engineered crops. Substainability Review 15:2-5. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David A. 2000. Surface shaping to improve grass establishment. Grasslands 10(3):1, 6-8. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David A. 2000. Straw bale building. Resource 7(3):9-10.

Bainbridge, David A. 2000. The pros and cons of genetically engineered crops. Resource 7(1):33.

Edwards, Fred S., David A. Bainbridge, Thomas A. Zink and Michael F. Allen. 2000. Rainfall catchments improve survival of container plants at Mojave Desert Site. Ecological Restoration 18(2): 100-103. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., K.K. Treseder and M.F. Allen. 2000. Global change and mycorrhizal fungi. In M. va der Heijden and I. Sanders. Mycorrhizal Ecology. Springer-Verlag, NY, in press.

Treseder, K.K. and M.F. Allen. 2000. The role of myorrhizal fungi in soil carbon storage under elevated CO2 and nitrogen deposition. New Phytologist 147: 189-200. (Abstract)


Allen, M.F., T.A. Zink, et. al. 1999. Soil Microorganisms, chap 22. In: L. R. Walker (ed.). Ecosystems of Disturbed Ground. Elsevier Press, New York.

Allen, M.F., L.M. Egerton-Warburton, E.B. Allen and O. Karen. 1999. Mycorrhizae in Adenostoma fasciclatum Hook. & Arn.: a combination of unusual ecto- and endo-forms. Mycorrhiza 8: 225-228. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F., J.M. Trappe, and T.R. Horton. 1999. NATS Truffle and truffle-like fungi 8:Rhizopogon mengei sp. nov. (Boletaceae, Basidiomycota). Mycotaxon, in press. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David A. 1999. Soil pitting for revegetation. Land and Water 43(1):30-32. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, David and Jeff Lovich. 1999. Anthropogenic degradation of the southern California desert ecosystem and prospects for natural recovery and restoration - a review. Environmental Managment 24(3):309-326. (Abstract)

Klironomos, J.N. , M.C. Rillig, and M.F. Allen. 1999. Designing below ground field experiments with the help of semi-variance and power analyses. Applied Soil Ecology 12: 227-238. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C. and M.F. Allen. 1999. What is the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in plants to ecosystem responses to elevated atmospheric CO2? Mycorrhiza 9:1-8. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., S.F. Wright, M.F. Allen and C.B. Field. 1999. Rise in carbon dioxide changes soil structure. Nature 400: 628. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., C.B. Field, and M.F. Allen. 1999. Soil biota responses to long-term atmospheric CO2 enrichment in two California annual grasslands. Oecologia 119: 572-577. (Abstract)

Rillig M.C., C.B. Field and M.F. Allen. 1999. Fungal root colonization responses in natural grasslands after long-term exposure to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 5: 577-585. (Abstract)

Stylinski C.D. and E.B. Allen. 1999. Lack of native species recovery following severe exotic disturbance in southern Californian shrublands. Journal of Applied Ecology 36:544-554 (Abstract)


Allen, E.B., E. Rincon, M.F. Allen, A. Perez-Jimenez, and P. Huante. 1998. Disturbance and Seasonal Dynamics of Mycorrhizae in a Tropical Deciduous Forest in Mexico. Biotropica 30:261-274. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F. 1998. Mycorrhizae. in M. Alexander (ed.). Encyclopedia of Microbiology, 2nd edition. In review. Academic Press, San Diego.

Allen, M.F. et al. 1998. Soil Microorganisms, cpt 22. In L. Walker (ed.) Ecosystems of disturbed ground. Elsevier Press, in press.

Grantz, D.A., D.L. Vaughn, R.J. Farber, B. Kim, T. VanCuren, R. Campbell, D. Bainbridge and T.A. Zink. 1998. Revegetating disturbed desert land to mitigate wind erosion and control particulate air pollution. California Agriculture 52(4):8-13. (Abstract)

Grantz, DA, D.L. Vaughn, R.J. Farber, B. Kim, L. Ashbaugh, R. VanCuren, R. Campbell, D. Bainbridge, T. Zink. July-August 1998. Transplanting Native Plants to Revegetate Abandoned Farmland in the Western Mojave Desert. Journal of Environmental Quality, Volume 27, no. 4, 1998, pp. 960-967. (Abstract)

Klironomos, J.N., M. Ursic, M.Rillig and M.F. Allen. 1998. Interspecific differences in the response of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to Artemisia tridentata grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 138:599-605. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., and M.F. Allen. 1998. Arbuscular mycorrhizae of Gutierrezia sarothrae and elevated carbon dioxide: evidence for shifts in C allocation to and within the mycobiont. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, in press. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., M.F. Allen, J.N. Klironomos and C.B. Field. March-April 1998. Arbuscular mycorrhizal percent root infection and infection intensity of Bromus horeaceus grown in elevated atmospheric CO2. Mycologia, 90(2), 1998, pp. 199-205.(Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., Allen, M.F., Klironomos, J.N., Chiariello, N.R., Field,C.B. 1998. Plant-species specific changes in root-inhabiting fungi in a California annual grassland: responses to elevated CO2 and nutrients. Oecologia. (in press). (Abstract)

Truesdale, H.D., and L.R. McClenaghan. Population Genetic Structure of the Tecate cypress (Cupressaceae). The Southwestern Naturalist 43(3):363-373. September 1998. (Abstract)

Zink, T.A., M.F. Allen. March 1998. The Effects of Organic Amendments on the Restoration of a Disturbed coastal Sage Scrub Habitat. Restoration Ecology Vol. 6 No. 1, pp. 52-58. (Abstract)


Allen, M.F., Klironomos, J.N. and Harney, S. 1997. The epidemiology of mycorrhizal fungi during succession. In: G.Carroll and P.Tudzynski (Eds.) The Mycota, Vol VI, Springer-Verlag pp.169-183.

Klironomos, J.N., Rillig, M.C., Allen, M.F., Zak, D.R., Kubiske, M. and Pregitzer, K.S. 1997. Soil fungal-arthropod responses to Populus tremuloides grown under enriched atmospheric CO2 under field conditions. Global Change Biology 3:473-478. (Abstract)

Klironomos, J.N., M.C. Rillig, M.F. Allen, D.R. Zak, K.S. Pregitzer, and Mark E. Kubiske. 1997. Increased levels of airborne fungal spores in response to Populus tremuloides grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. Canadian Journal of Botany 75:1670-1673. (Abstract)

Morris, S.J., T.Zink, K.Conners and M.Allen. 1997. Comparison between fluorescein diacetate and differential fluorescent staining procedures for determining fungal biomass in soils. Applied Soil Ecology 6:161-167. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C. and Allen, M.F. 1997. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and ecosystem responses to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Inoculum (Mycological Society of America) 48 (3): 33.

Rillig, M.C. and Allen, M.F. 1997. Soil microbial responses to Gutierrezia sarothrae grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Soil Ecology Society of America International Conference: Soil ecology - Understanding and Preserving soil systems, Manhattan, Kansas, U.S.A., p. 50.

Rillig, M.C., Field, C.B., and Allen, M.F. 1997. Soil fungi and elevated CO2 in a mediterranean annual grassland. MEDECOS VIII: Global Change and Mediterranean Ecosystems, San Diego, CA., p. 58.

Rillig, M.C., Field, C.B., and Allen, M.F. 1997. Soil fungal responses to elevated atmospheric CO2 in a California grassland. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America (Suppl) 78 (4): 303. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., Scow, K.M., Klironomos, J.N., and Allen, M.F. 1997. Microbial carbon substrate utilization in the rhizosphere of Gutierrezia sarothrae grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 29: 1387-1394. (Abstract)

Zink, T.A. 1997. "Impacts of Military Training Disturbances on Mojave Desert Creosote Scrub Habitat". Soil Ecology Society National Conference, Manhattan, Kansas. May, 1997.


Allen, M. F. 1996. The ecology of arbuscular mycorrhizas: a look back into the 20th century and a peek into the 21st. Mycological Research. 100 (7):769-782. (Abstract)

Allen, M. F. 1996. The role of restoration and responsibilities. pp.11-14. In D. Peterson, The role of restoration in ecosystem management: Society for Ecological Restoration, Parks Canada.

Allen, M. F., C. Figueroa, B. S. Weinbaum, S. B. Barlow and E. B. Allen. 1996. Differential production of oxalate by mycorrhizal fungi in arid ecosystems. Biol Fertil Soils 22 (4):287-292. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F., Klironomos, J.N., Rillig, M.C., and Harney, S. 1996. Carbon allocation belowground to the foodweb and to soil microbes in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. U.S. Department of Energy, Terrestrial Carbon meeting. June.

Allen, M.F., Rillig, M.C., Klironomos, J.N., Chiariello, N.R., and Field, C.B. 1996. Root infection by arbuscular mycorrhizal and other fungi in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and fertilization in five plant species from a mediterranean annual grassland. First International Conference on Mycorrhizae (ICOM). Berkeley.

Bainbridge, D.A. 1996. Vertical Mulch. Restoration and Management Notes 14(1):72.

Klironomos, J.N. and Kendick, B. 1996. Palatability of microfungi to soil arthropods in relation to the functioning of arbuscular mycorrhizae. Biology and Fertility of Soils 21, 43-52.

Klironomos, J. N., Rillig, M.C. and Allen, M.F. 1996. Below-ground microbial and microfaunal responses to Artemisia tridentata grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. Functional Ecology 10: 527-534. (Abstract)

Rillig, M.C., Allen, M.F., Klironomos, J.N. and Field, C.B. 1996. Microscopic assessment of structures of root colonizing fungi of an annual grass in response to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and fertilzation. Fourth Annual Microscopy Colloquium. San Diego, May.

Rillig, M.C., Klironomos, J.N., and Allen, M.F. 1996. Infection intensity by arbuscular mycorrhizal hyphae as a response variable in mycorrhizal research. First International Conference on Mycorrhizae (ICOM). Berkeley.

Weinbaum, B. S., M.F. Allen and E.B. Allen. 1996. Survival of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi following reciprocal transplanting across the Great Basin, U.S.A. Ecological Applications 6: 1365-1372. (Abstract)


Allen, E.B., M.F. Allen, D.J. Helm, J.M. Trappe, R. Molina and E. Rincon. 1995. Patterns and regulation of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal plant and fungal diversity. Plant and Soil 170: 47-62. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F., S.J. Morris, F. Edwards and E.B. Allen. 1995. Microbe-plant interactions in Mediterranean-type habitats: shifts in fungal symbiotic and saprophytic functioning in response to global change. pp. 287-305, In: J.M. Moreno and W.C. Oechel. Global change and mediterranean-type ecosystems. Ecological Studies 117. Springer-Verlag, New York.

Bainbridge, D. A., M. Fidelibus and R. MacAller. 1995. Techniques for plant establishment in arid ecosystems. Restoration and Management Notes. 13(2):190-197. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, D. A. and R. MacAller. 1995. Tree Shelters Improve Desert Planting Success. In: Proceedings of the Tree Shelter Conference, Harrisburg, PA. pp. 57-59. USDA, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. General Technical Report NE-221.

Bainbridge, D., R. MacAller, M. Fidelibus, R. Franson, A. C. Williams and L. Lippit. 1995. A Beginners Guide to Desert Restoration. United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Denver, CO.

Cannon, J.P., E.B. Allen, M.F. Allen, L.M. Dudley and J.J. Jurinak. 1995. The effects of oxalates produced by Salsola tragus on the phosphorus nutrition of Stipa pulchra. Oecologia (Berlin) 102: 265-272. (Abstract)

Eliason, S. A. 1995. Competition Between Artemesia californica and Mediterranean Annual Grasses. Masters Thesis. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. (Abstract)

Edwards, F. 1995. Indicators of Ecosystem Pertubation: Herbaceous Plants and Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizae. Masters Thesis. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. (Abstract)

Fidelibus, M. W., R. F. Franson and D. A. Bainbridge. 1995. Spacing patterns in Mojave Desert trees and shrubs. In The 1995 Wildland Shrub Symposium. Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Klironomos, J.N. 1995. Arbuscular mycorrhizae of Acer saccharum in different soil types. Canadian Journal of Botany 73. 1824-1830. (Abstract)

Klironomos, J. and D. Bainbridge. 1995. Collembolas for biocontrol? Forest Nursery Notes. USDA Forest Service, January, 20-21.

Klironomos, J. N. and M. F. Allen. 1995. UV-B-mediated changes on below-ground communities associated with the roots of Acer saccharum. Functional Ecology 9:923-930. (Abstract)

MacAller, R. T. F., R. L. Franson and D. A. Bainbridge. 1995. Tests of the ability of heap leach material to support plant growth. Proceedings of the National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, Gillette, Wyoming, June 5-8, 1995.

Tiszler, J. C., D. Bainbridge, M. Darby, M. Fidelibus, R. MacAller and D. Waldecker. 1995. Technique for sand stabilization and mesquite-dune reconstruction tested in the Yuha Desert, California. Restoration and Management Notes 13(2):222-223. (Abstract)

Zink, T.A. and M.F. Allen. 1995. Disturbance corridors as invasion pathways. Restoration and Management Notes 13: 132-133. (Abstract)

Zink, T.A., M.F. Allen, B. Heindle-Tenhunen and E.B. Allen. 1995. The effects of a disturbance corridor on an ecological reserve. Restoration Ecology 3: 304-310.

Zink, T.A. 1995. "Military Training Impacts on the Mojave Desert". Desert Rehabilitation Workshop sponsored by the National Park Service/Bureau of Land Management Desert Lands Task Force, Barstow, California. November 1995.

Zink, T.A. 1995. "The Effect of Recalicitrant Organic Amendment on a Disturbed Soil's Nitrogen Cycle". Soil Ecology Society National Conference, Fort Collins, Colorado. March 1995.

Zink, T.A. 1995. "The Importance of Soil Research in the Restoration of Military Lands". Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Conference, Seattle, Washington. September 1995.


Allen, E.B., M.F. Allen, D.J. Helm, J.M. Trappe, R. Molina and E. Rincon. 1994. Patterns and regulation of arbuscular and ectomycorrhizal plant and fungal diversity. Plant and Soil 161: 1-16. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, D. A. and M. W. Fidelibus. 1994. Tree shelters improve woody transplant survival on arid lands (California). Restoration and Management Notes 12(1):86. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, D. A. and L. Lippitt. 1994. Container plant production for restorationists. p 27 In: Society for Ecological Restoration, Conference Abstracts. Lansing, MI, August 9-15, 1994.

Bainbridge, D.A., T.A. Zink, D. Eisenberg and L. Bayless. 1995. Alternative uses for rice straw in California. California Air Resources Board Report, San Luis Obispo.

Fidelibus, M. and D. Bainbridge. 1994. The effect of containerless transport on desert shrubs. Tree Planters' Notes 45(2):82-85.

Fidelibus, M. W. 1994. Jellyrolls reduce outplanting costs in arid land restoration (California). Restoration and Management Notes 12(1):87. (Abstract)

Fidelibus, M. W., R. L. Franson and D. A. Bainbridge. 1994. Revegetation of overburden at a Mojave Desert gold mine. p 32 In: Society for Ecological Restoration, Conference Abstracts. Lansing, MI, August 9-15, 1994.

Franson, R. L., M. Darby, M. W. Fidelibus, and D. A. Bainbridge. 1994. Application of the infection unit method to evaluate VAM fungal infectivity of topsoil during storage. p 33 In: Society for Ecological Restoration, Conference Abstracts. Lansing, M I, August 9-15, 1994.

Lippitt, L., M. W. Fidelibus and D. A. Bainbridge. 1994. Native seed collection, processing, and storage for revegetation projects in the western United States. Restoration Ecology 2(2): 120-131.

MacAller, R. T. F., D. A. Bainbridge and D. G. Waldecker. 1994. Plant/soil relations of reference sites to improve gold mine restoration. p 36 In: Society for Ecological Restoration, Conference Abstracts. Lansing, MI, August 9-15, 1994.

Morris, S.J. and M.F. Allen. 1994. Oxalate metabilizing microorganisms in sagebrush steppe soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils 18: 255-259.

Kemp, P. R., D. G. Waldecker, C. E. Owensby, J. F. Reynolds and R. A. Virginia. 1994. Effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization pretreatments on decomposition on tallgrass prarie leaf lit ter. Plant and Soil 165: 115-127. (Abstract)

Tiszler, John. 1994. Changes in soil nitrogen distribution and dynamics associated with the establishment of desert shrubs in a Chihuahuan Desert black grama grassland. Masters Thesis. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

Zink, Thomas Andrew. 1994. The effects of recalcitrant organic amendment on disturbed coastal sage and creosote scrub habitats of Southern California. Masters Thesis. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA. (Abstract)

Zink, T. A. and K. Conners. 1994. Europium staining for soil ecosystem disturbance evaluation. Restoration and Management Notes 12(2):211-212. (Abstract)

Zink, T.A. 1994. "Disturbance as an Invasion Pathway for Exotic Species in Undisturbed Native Habitats". Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Conference, Lansing, Michigan. August 1994.

Zink, T.A. 1994. "Europium Staining as an Indicator for Soil Ecosystem Disturbance". Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Conference, Lansing, Michigan. August 1994.


Allen, E.B., J.P. Cannon and M.F. Allen. 1993. Controls for rhizosphere microorganisms to study effects of VA mycorrhizae on Artemisia tridentataa. Mycorrhiza 2: 147-152.

Allen, M.F. 1993. Microbial and phosphate dynamics in a restored shrub steppe in Southwestern Wyoming. Restoration Ecology 1: 196-205.

Allen, M.F. 1993. Review of: Mycorrhiza in sustainable agriculture. G. J. Bethlenfalvay and R. G. Linderman, eds. Soil Science, in press.

Allen, M.F., E. Rincon, E. B. Allen, P. Huante and J. Dunn. 1993. Observations of canopy bromeliad roots compared with plants rooted in soils of a seasonal tropical forest, Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico. Mycorrhiza 4: 27-28.

Allen, M.F., E.B. Allen, C.N. Dahm and F.S. Edwards. 1993. Preservation of biological diversity in mycorrhizal fungi: Importance and human impacts. In: G. Sundnes, ed. International Symposium on human impacts on self-recruiting populations. The Royal Norwegian Academy of Sciences, Trondheim, Norway. pp 81-108.

Bainbridge, D., N. Sorensen and R. Virginia. 1993. Revegetating desert plant communities. pp. 21-26. In Landis, T. coord. Proceedings of the Western Forest Nursery Association Meeting, USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ft. Collins. GTR RM-221.

Friese, C.F. and M.F. Allen. 1993. The interaction of harvestor ants and VA mycorrhizal fungi in a patchy environment: the effects of mound structure on fungal dispersion and establishment. Functional Ecology 7: 13-20. (Abstract)

Darby, Marcelle Marie. 1993. Distribution of rhizobia and VA mycorrhizal fungi in two desert soils and their effects on the growth of Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana (mesquite) at varying nutrient levels. Masters Thesis. San Diego State University, San Diego, CA.

McClenaghan, L.R. and E. Taylor. Temporal and spatial demographic patterns in dipodomys stephensi from Riverside County, California. Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 74, No. 3, August 1993. (Abstract)


Allen, M.F. (ed.) 1992. Mycorrhizal Functioning. Chapman Hall.

Allen, M.F. and C.F. Friese. 1992. Mycorrhize and Reclamation Success: Importance and Measurement. In: Evaluating reclamation success: The ecological considerations. Ed J.C. Chambers & G.L. Wade. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report. pp 17-25.

Allen, M.F. and E.B. Allen. 1992. Development of mycorrhizal patches in a successional arid ecosystem. In: I.J. Alexander, A.H. Fitter, D.H. Lewis, and D.J. Read (eds). Mycorrhiza in Ecosystems, Proceedings of the 3rd European Symposium on Mycorrhizas. CA B International. pp 164-170.

Allen, M.F., C. Crisafulli, C.F. Friese and S. Jeakins. 1992. Reformation of mycorrhizal symbioses on Mount St. Helens, 1980-1990: Interactions of rodents and mycorrhizal fungi. Mycological Research 96: 447-453.

Allen, M.F., S.D. Clouse, B.S. Weinbaum, S.L. Jeakins, C.F. Friese and E.B. Allen. 1992. Mycorrhizae and the integration of scales: from molecules to ecosystems. In: Mycorrhizal Functioning. Ed M.F. Allen. Chapman and Hall Press, N.Y. pp. 488-515.

Friese,C.F., M.F. Allen, R. Martin and N.K. Van Alfen. 1992. Transfer of double stranded RNA among isolates of Cryphonectria parasitica: Hyphal specialization on an artificial medium. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58: 2066-2070. (Abstract)


Allen, M.F. 1991. The Ecology of Mycorrhizae. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge Studies in Ecology series.

Allen, M.F. and E.B. Allen. 1991. Mycorrhizae and plant community development: Mechanisms and patterns. In. G.C. Carroll and D.T. Wicklow, eds. The Fungal Community, Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. pp 455-479.

Friese, C.F. and M.F. Allen. 1991. The spread of VA mycorrhizal fungal hyphae in the soil: inoculum types and external hyphal architecture. Mycologia 83:409-418. (Abstract)

Allen, E.B. and M.F. Allen. 1990. The mediation of competition by mycorrhizae in successional and patchy environments. Pages 367-389. In: Perspectives on Plant Competition. J.B. Grace & G.D. Tilman, ed. Academic Press.

Allen, M.F. and E.B. Allen.1990. Carbon source of VA mycorrhizal fungi associated with Chenopodiaceae from a semi-arid steppe. Ecology 71: 2019-2021. (Abstract)

Bainbridge, D. 1990. Restoring agricultural lands and dry lands. In J. Berger, ed. Environmental Restoration. Island Press, Washington, DC pp. 4-13.

Bainbridge, D. and R. Virginia. 1990. Restoration in the Sonoran desert. Restoration and Management Notes. 8(1):3-14

Friese, C.F. and M.F. Allen. 1990. Tracking the fates of exotic and local VA mycorrhizal fungi: Methods and Patterns. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 34: 87-96. (Abstract)

McClenaghan, L.R., J. Berger and H.D. Truesdale. Founding Lineages and Genic Variability in Plains Bison (Bison bison) from Badlands National Park, South Dakota. Conservation Biology Vol. 4, No. 3, September 1990. (Abstract).


Allen, M.F. 1989. Mycorrhizae and rehabilitation of disturbed arid soils: processes and practices. Arid Soil Research 3: 229-241.

Allen, M.F. E.B. Allen and C.F. Friese. 1989. Responses of the non-mycotrophic plant Salsola kali to invasion by VA mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 111: 45-49. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F., J.H. Richards and C.A. Busso. 1989. Influence of clipping and water status on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae of two semiarid tussock grasses. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 8: 285-289.

Allen, M.F., L.E. Hipps, and G.E. Wooldridge. 1989. Wind dispersal and subsequent establishment of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi across a disturbed arid landscape. Landscape Ecology 2: 165-171.

Knight, W.G., M.F. Allen, J.J. Jurinak and L.M. Dudley. 1989. Oxalate and carbon dioxide enhanced mineral phosphorus availability in Calcareous soils. I. Elevated CO2 in the rhizosphere of VA-mycorrhizal Agropyron smithii. Soil Science Society of Ameri ca Journal 53: 1075-1082.

Allen, E.B. & M.F. Allen. 1988. Facilitation of succession by the non-mycotrophic colonizer Salsola kali (Chenopodiaceae) on a harsh site: Effects of mycorrhizal fungi. American Journal of Botany 75:257-266.

Allen, M.F. & J.A. MacMahon. 1988. Direct VA mycorrhizal inoculation of colonizing plants by pocket gophers (Thomomys talpoides) on Mount St. Helens. Mycologia 80:754-756.

Allen, M.F. 1988. Belowground spatial patterning: influence of root architecture, microorganisms, and nutrients on plant survival in arid lands. Pages 113-135, In: The reconstruction of disturbed arid ecosystems. E.B. Allen, ed. Westview Press, Bou lder, CO.

Allen, M.F. 1988. Physiological Ecology of the Mycorrhizal-Root Interface: >From Cellular to Organismal Effects and Plant Responses. Proceedings of the 1988 California Plant and Soil Conference, Agriculture: Changing Realities. pp. 16-20. California C hapter of the American Society of Agronomy.

Allen, M.F. 1988. Re-establishment of mycorrhizae following severe disturbance: comparative patch dynamics of a shrub desert and a subalpine volcano. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 94 B: 63-71.

Allen, M.F. 1988. Viewpoint #1. Reclamation Newsletter 11(1):7-8.

Carpenter, A. and M.F. Allen. 1988. Responses of Hedysarum boreale Nutt. to mycorrhizas and Rhizobium: plant and soil nutrient changes in a disturbed shrub-steppe. New Phytologist 109: 125-132. (Abstract)


Allen, E.B., J.C. Chambers, K.F. Conner, M.F. Allen, & R.W. Brown. 1987. Natural reestablishment of mycorrhizae in disturbed alpine ecosystems. Arctic and Alpine Research 19:11-20.

Allen, M.F. 1987. Ecology of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in an arid ecosystem: use of natural processes promoting dispersal and establishment. pp. 133-135. In: D.M. Sylvia, L.L. Hung and J.H. Graham. Mycorrhizae in the next decade, practical ap plications and research priorities. IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

Allen, M.F. 1987. Reestablishment of mycorrhizae on Mount St. Helens: migration vectors. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 88:413-417.

Allen, M.F., E.B. Allen, & N.E. West. 1987. Influence of parasitic and mutualistic fungi on Artemisia tridentata during high precipitation years. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 114:272-279.

Hipps, L.E. & M.F. Allen. 1987. The distortion of turbulence by an isolated shrub, and association with entrainment and deposition of spores. pp. 275-276. In 18th Conference of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology and 8th Conference on Biometeorology and A erobiology. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Warner, N.J., M.F. Allen, & J.A. MacMahon. 1987. Dispersal agents of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a disturbed arid ecosystem. Mycologia. 79:721-730. (Abstract)

Allen, E.B., & M.F. Allen. 1986. Water relations of xeric grasses in the field: Interactions of mycorrhizae and competition. New Phytologist 104:559-571.

Allen, M.F. & E.B. Allen. 1986. Utah State Project Exemplifies Restoration Ecology Approach to Research. Restoration and Management Notes 4(2):64-67.

Bainbridge, D. and R. Virginia. 1986. Revegetation in the Colorado Desert. San Diego State University/Dry Lands Research Institute, Riverside 139p.

Ianson, D.C. & M.F. Allen. 1986. The effects of soil texture on extraction of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal spores from arid sites. Mycologia 78: 164-168. (Abstract)

Jurinak, J.J., L.M. Dudley, M.F. Allen & W.G. Knight. 1986. The role of calcium oxalate in the availability of phosphorus in soils of semiarid regions: a thermodynamic study. Soil Science 142:255-261.

Skujins, J.J. and M.F. Allen. 1986. Use of mycorrhizae for land rehabilitation. MIRCEN Journal 2:161-176.


Allen M.F. & J.A. MacMahon. 1985. Impact of disturbance on cold desert fungi: comparative microscale dispersion patterns. Pedobiologia 28:215-224.

Allen, M.F. & L.E. Hipps. 1985. Long-distance dispersal of mycorrhizal fungi: A comparison of vectors of VAM and ectomycorrhizal fungi from predictable versus unpredictable environments. pp. 294-295. In 17th Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorolo gy and 7th conference on Biometeorology and Aerobiology. American Meteorological Society, Boston.

Allen, M.F. 1985. Phytohormone action: an integrative approach to understanding diverse mycorrhizal responses. p. 158-160, In R. Molina (ed). Proceedings of the 6th North American Conference on Mycorrhizae. Forestry Sciences Laboratory, Corvallis, OR .

Allen, M.F. 1985. Spatial patterning and soil saprophytic microbiota: impacts of strip mining, importance and management strategies. In: Proceedings of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, symposium on "How microorganisms impove recl amation: their importance and management in mine soils". pp. 322-326.

Allen, M.F., M.G. Boosalis, E.D. Kerr, A.E. Muldoon, & H.J. Larsen. 1985. Population dynamics of sugar beets, Rhizoctonia solani and Laetisaria arvalis: Responses of a host, plant parasite and hyperparasite to perturbation in the field. Applied and En vironmental Microbiology 50:1123-1127.

Caldwell, M.M., D.M. Eissenstat, J.H. Richards, & M.F. Allen. 1985. Competition for phosphorus: differential uptake from dual-isotope-labeled interspaces between shrub and grass. Science 229:384-386.

Allen, E.B. & M.F. Allen. 1984. Competition between plants of different successional stages: mycorrhizae as regulators. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2625-2629.

Allen, M.F. 1984. Physiology of mycorrhizae of arid lands: a key to understanding successful plant establishment. pp. 69-80 In: S.E. Williams & M.F. Allen eds. VA mycorrhizae and reclamation of arid and semiarid lands. University of Wyoming Experiment Station.

Allen, M.F. 1984. Prospects for mycological contribution to mycorrhizology: a promising mutualism. MSA Newsletter 35 (2):68-69.

Allen, M.F., E.B. Allen, & P.D. Stahl. 1984. Differential niche response of Bouteloua gracilis and Pascopyrum smithii to VA mycorrhizae. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 111:361-365.

Allen, M.F., J.A. MacMahon, & D.C. Andersen. 1984. Reestablishment of Endogonaceae on Mount St. Helens: Survival of Residuals. Mycologia 76:1031-1038. (Abstract)

Williams, S.E. & M.F. Allen (eds). 1984. VA mycorrhizae and reclamation of arid and semiarid lands. University of Wyoming Experiment Station. 91 pp.


Allen, M.F. 1983. Formation of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae in Atriplex gardneri (Chenopodiaceae): seasonal response in a cold desert. Mycologia 75:773-776. (Abstract)

Allen, M.F. & M.G. Boosalis. 1983. Effects of two species of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on drought tolerance of winter wheat. New Phytologist 93:67-76.

Allen, M.F. 1982. Influence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae on water movement through Bouteloua gracilis. New Phytologist 91:191-196. Allen, M.F. 1982. Mushrooms. Woodsmoke 11:22-23.

Allen, M.F., & T.V. St. John. 1982. Dual culture of endomycorrhizae. pp. 85-89 In: N.C. Schenck, ed. Methods and principles of mycorrhizal research. American Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, MN.

Allen, M.F., T.S. Moore, Jr., & M. Christensen. 1982. Phytohormone changes in Bouteloua gracilis infected by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae: II. Altered levels of gibberellin-like substances and abscisic acid in the host plant. Canadian Journal of B otany 60:468-471.

Porter, J.R., M.F. Allen, L.C. Lane, & M.G. Boosalis. 1982. Platte Valley Yellows of Nebraska soybeans. Symptomology and preliminary chemical analyses. Plant and Soil 68:283-287. (Abstract)

Allen, E.B. & M.F. Allen. 1980. Natural re-establishment of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae following stripmine reclamation in Wyoming. Journal of Applied Ecology 17:139-147.

Allen, M.F., J.C. Sexton, T.S. Moore, Jr., & M. Christensen. 1981. The influence of phosphate source on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae of Bouteloua gracilis. New Phytologist 87:687-694.

Allen, M.F., W.K. Smith, T.S. Moore, Jr. & M. Christensen. 1981. Comparative water relations and photosynthesis of mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal Bouteloua gracilis H.B.K. Lag ex Steud. New Phytologist 88:683-693.

Stanton, N., M.F. Allen & M. Campion. 1981. The effect of the pesticide carbofuran on soil organisms and root and shoot production in shortgrass prairie. Journal of Applied Ecology 18:417-431.

Allen, M.F., T.S. Moore, Jr., & M. Christensen. 1980. Phytohormone changes in Bouteloua gracilis infected by vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizae: I. Cytokinin increases in the host plant. Canadian Journal of Botany 58:371-374.

Allen, M.F., T.S. Moore, Jr., M. Christensen, & N. Stanton. 1979. Growth of vesicular-arbuscular-mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal Bouteloua gracilis in a defined medium. Mycologia 71:666-669.

Last Update: April 26, 2012